Humanity faces many problems at the modern stage of its evolution. The majority of these issues are closely connected with each other and, because of these ties, one problem usually can be viewed as the cause or the consequence of another problem. One of the leading issues, which threaten the further development of the mankind, is overpopulation of the Earth.
The characteristic feature of overpopulation as a world problem is that it is a source of other challenging issues, which demand fast and effective solutions. Current rate of growth shows that the Earth’s population is increasing by one billion every twelve years (World Population Prospects n.p.). This phenomenon inevitably causes a large variety of collateral issues, such as water and food shortage, environmental pollution, devastation of natural resources, poverty, armed conflicts over various reasons, and many more (Overpopulation: Environmental and Social problems n.p.).
Taking into account the gravity of this problem, humanity has already developed a set of strategies in order to control overpopulation. One of the possible solutions is a thorough governmental program of family planning, prepared for every country according to specific peculiarities of its development. This is the most effective solution and it is widely accepted around the world because it emphasizes the advantages of small families. As the most known example of such a method, China has enforced a one-child policy with penalties for exceeding this limit. China’s birth control strategy may seem to be taken to the extreme; however, it provides for several exceptions from the general rule. The traditional statistical approach to population stabilization states that a woman should have at an average 2.1 children: two to substitute parents and 0.1 to account for child mortality.
Nowadays, it is obvious that the success in managing overpopulation will simultaneously alleviate many collateral problems. Different strategies aimed at resolving the issues of world’s population have variable success, though their reasonable implementation and combination will undoubtedly show their positive effect in the nearest future.
Abby Taylor is a writer entrepreneur and an academic writer at quality essay. She likes to travel and describe the seen things on the paper.